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medical illustration of Color, Education, Cardiac Surgery / Cardiology, General Medicine, Medical Devices medical illustration of Color, Education, Cardiac Surgery / Cardiology, General Medicine, Medical Devices

measuring blood pressure

Keywords: Color, Education, Cardiac Surgery / Cardiology, General Medicine, Medical Devices

© Kari C. Toverud
medical illustration of Color, Education, Patient Education, Gastroenterology medical illustration of Color, Education, Patient Education, Gastroenterology

diverticulitis

Keywords: Color, Education, Patient Education, Gastroenterology

© Kari C. Toverud
medical illustration of Color, Advertising / Marketing, Editorial, Endocrinology / Metabolic, General Medicine, Molecular Biology, Health & Wellness, Pathology medical illustration of Color, Advertising / Marketing, Editorial, Endocrinology / Metabolic, General Medicine, Molecular Biology, Health & Wellness, Pathology

Electrolytes in our body

Keywords: Color, Advertising / Marketing, Editorial, Endocrinology / Metabolic, General Medicine, Molecular Biology, Health & Wellness, Pathology

© Kari C. Toverud
medical illustration of A cell containing organelles present in most cell types medical illustration of A cell containing organelles present in most cell types

Organelles of the human cell

A cell containing organelles present in most cell types

Keywords: Color, Line with Color, Education, Patient Education, Publishing, Cell biology / Histology, Oncology

© Kari C. Toverud
medical illustration of Color, Line with Color, Education, Publishing, Obstetrics / Gynecology, Reproductive Biology medical illustration of Color, Line with Color, Education, Publishing, Obstetrics / Gynecology, Reproductive Biology

use of forceps during birth

Keywords: Color, Line with Color, Education, Publishing, Obstetrics / Gynecology, Reproductive Biology

© Kari C. Toverud
medical illustration of normal anatomy and 3 stages of female circumcision medical illustration of normal anatomy and 3 stages of female circumcision

female circumcision

normal anatomy and 3 stages of female circumcision

Keywords: Color, Publishing, Stock, Anatomy, Obstetrics / Gynecology, Reproductive Biology

© Kari C. Toverud
medical illustration of a) Christiansen´s hemi-prosthesis used from 1965-67. b) Christiansen´s hemi-prosthesis used from 1968-69. c) Christiansen´s hemi-prosthesis used during the 1970´s.d) Modern Charnley-Hastings hemi-prosthesis. medical illustration of a) Christiansen´s hemi-prosthesis used from 1965-67. b) Christiansen´s hemi-prosthesis used from 1968-69. c) Christiansen´s hemi-prosthesis used during the 1970´s.d) Modern Charnley-Hastings hemi-prosthesis.

historical development of hip replacements

a) Christiansen´s hemi-prosthesis used from 1965-67. b) Christiansen´s hemi-prosthesis used from 1968-69. c) Christiansen´s hemi-prosthesis used during the 1970´s.d) Modern Charnley-Hastings hemi-prosthesis.

Keywords: Black & White, Education, Stock, Medical Devices, Orthopaedics

© Kari C. Toverud
medical illustration of Color, Education, Publishing, Stock, Embryology, Maternal / Child, Obstetrics / Gynecology medical illustration of Color, Education, Publishing, Stock, Embryology, Maternal / Child, Obstetrics / Gynecology

6, 9 and 12 week developing fetus

Keywords: Color, Education, Publishing, Stock, Embryology, Maternal / Child, Obstetrics / Gynecology

© Kari C. Toverud
medical illustration of Drug-delivery system of Cervira for HPV infection and cervical abnormalities.
Female reproductive organ. medical illustration of Drug-delivery system of Cervira for HPV infection and cervical abnormalities.
Female reproductive organ.

treatment of HPV infection in cervics

Drug-delivery system of Cervira for HPV infection and cervical abnormalities. Female reproductive organ.

Keywords: Color, Photography, Advertising / Marketing, Education, Professional Education, Medical Devices, Pharmacology, Mechanism of Action (MOA)

© Kari C. Toverud
medical illustration of Proprioceptors medical illustration of Proprioceptors

Sensory nerves in the skin, muscle and tendon

Proprioceptors

Keywords: Color, Education, Patient Education, Publishing, Stock, Anatomy, Neuroscience

© Kari C. Toverud
medical illustration of hemorrhoids showing in the upper right a perianal hematoma grade 1 and  2 in the upper right corner, grade 3 in the lower left corner and grade 4 in the lower right corner medical illustration of hemorrhoids showing in the upper right a perianal hematoma grade 1 and  2 in the upper right corner, grade 3 in the lower left corner and grade 4 in the lower right corner

Different grades of hemorrhoids

hemorrhoids showing in the upper right a perianal hematoma grade 1 and 2 in the upper right corner, grade 3 in the lower left corner and grade 4 in the lower right corner

Keywords: Color, Education, Publishing, Stock, Anatomy, Gastroenterology

© Kari C. Toverud
medical illustration of Cover illustration for the Norwegian Bioengineer magazine. medical illustration of Cover illustration for the Norwegian Bioengineer magazine.

Cover illustration for the Norwegian Bioengineer magazine.

Keywords: Color, Line with Color, Editorial, Education, Publishing, Medical Devices, Oncology

© Kari C. Toverud
medical illustration of life cycle of a tick medical illustration of life cycle of a tick

life cycle of a tick

life cycle of a tick

Keywords: Color, Line with Color, Editorial, Publishing, Biology, Cardiac Surgery / Cardiology, Zoology

© Kari C. Toverud
medical illustration of Color, Line with Color, Editorial, Patient Education, Publishing, Anatomy, Cell biology / Histology, Disease Management, Endocrinology / Metabolic, Orthopaedics medical illustration of Color, Line with Color, Editorial, Patient Education, Publishing, Anatomy, Cell biology / Histology, Disease Management, Endocrinology / Metabolic, Orthopaedics

Keywords: Color, Line with Color, Editorial, Patient Education, Publishing, Anatomy, Cell biology / Histology, Disease Management, Endocrinology / Metabolic, Orthopaedics

© Kari C. Toverud
medical illustration of Color, Line with Color, Live Action Video, Editorial, Patient Education, Publishing, Stock, Respiratory medical illustration of Color, Line with Color, Live Action Video, Editorial, Patient Education, Publishing, Stock, Respiratory

patient in bed on a respirator mask

Keywords: Color, Line with Color, Live Action Video, Editorial, Patient Education, Publishing, Stock, Respiratory

© Kari C. Toverud
medical illustration of Nurses are helping a patient change his shirt while bedridden medical illustration of Nurses are helping a patient change his shirt while bedridden

changing a patient´s shirt in bed

Nurses are helping a patient change his shirt while bedridden

Keywords: Color, Live Action Video, Editorial, Education, Patient Education, Publishing, Stock

© Kari C. Toverud
medical illustration of Color, Photography, Education, Patient Education, Publishing, Stock, Anatomy, Orthopaedics, Oncology medical illustration of Color, Photography, Education, Patient Education, Publishing, Stock, Anatomy, Orthopaedics, Oncology

superior view of pelvis with ligaments

Keywords: Color, Photography, Education, Patient Education, Publishing, Stock, Anatomy, Orthopaedics, Oncology

© Kari C. Toverud
medical illustration of Life cycle of Strongyloides stercoralis infecting a human medical illustration of Life cycle of Strongyloides stercoralis infecting a human

Life cycle of Strongyloides stercoralis

Life cycle of Strongyloides stercoralis infecting a human

Keywords: Color, Editorial, Patient Education, Gastroenterology, Virology, Zoology

© Kari C. Toverud
medical illustration of nasal mucosa and blood brain barier of the brain medical illustration of nasal mucosa and blood brain barier of the brain

nasal mucosa and blood brain barier of the brain

nasal mucosa and blood brain barier of the brain

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, Education, Publishing, Neuroscience, Respiratory

© Kari C. Toverud
medical illustration of Clinical manifestations of a patient with APS-1 medical illustration of Clinical manifestations of a patient with APS-1

Clinical manifestations of a patient with APS-1

Clinical manifestations of a patient with APS-1

Keywords: Color, Line with Color, Education, Patient Education, Anatomy, Endocrinology / Metabolic

© Kari C. Toverud
medical illustration of anterior and lateral view of the blood supply to the upper 2/3 of the spinal cord medical illustration of anterior and lateral view of the blood supply to the upper 2/3 of the spinal cord

Blood supply to the cervical spinal cord

anterior and lateral view of the blood supply to the upper 2/3 of the spinal cord

Keywords: Airbrush, Line with Color, Education, Patient Education, Publishing, Stock, Cardiac Surgery / Cardiology, Neuroscience, Neurosurgery, Vascular Surgery

© Kari C. Toverud
medical illustration of Renal sympathetic denerveing with terapy-resistent hypertention
medical illustration of Renal sympathetic denerveing with terapy-resistent hypertention

renal hypertension

Renal sympathetic denerveing with terapy-resistent hypertention

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, Education, Publishing, Urology, Vascular Surgery, Oncology

© Kari C. Toverud
medical illustration of Treatment with Ibrutinib medical illustration of Treatment with Ibrutinib

treatment of Lymphoma or leukemia

Treatment with Ibrutinib

Keywords: Color, Line with Color, Editorial, Patient Education, Publishing, Professional Education, Biotechnology, Cell biology / Histology, Molecular Biology, Pharmacology, Oncology

© Kari C. Toverud
medical illustration of Possible mechanisms for sun / vitamin D, Epstein-Barr virus and smoking by multiple sclerosis medical illustration of Possible mechanisms for sun / vitamin D, Epstein-Barr virus and smoking by multiple sclerosis

multiple sclerosis

Possible mechanisms for sun / vitamin D, Epstein-Barr virus and smoking by multiple sclerosis

Keywords: Color, Line with Color, Education, Publishing, Cell biology / Histology, General Medicine, Neuroscience, Vascular Surgery, Oncology

© Kari C. Toverud
medical illustration of Black & White, Line, Education, Patient Education, Publishing, Medical Devices, Oncology, Mechanism of Action (MOA) medical illustration of Black & White, Line, Education, Patient Education, Publishing, Medical Devices, Oncology, Mechanism of Action (MOA)

how to fill a syringe

Keywords: Black & White, Line, Education, Patient Education, Publishing, Medical Devices, Oncology, Mechanism of Action (MOA)

© Kari C. Toverud
medical illustration of Line with Color, Education, Patient Education, Publishing, Stock, Anatomy, General Surgery, Medical Devices, Reconstructive Surgery, Oncology medical illustration of Line with Color, Education, Patient Education, Publishing, Stock, Anatomy, General Surgery, Medical Devices, Reconstructive Surgery, Oncology

lithotomu position for surgery

Keywords: Line with Color, Education, Patient Education, Publishing, Stock, Anatomy, General Surgery, Medical Devices, Reconstructive Surgery, Oncology

© Kari C. Toverud
medical illustration of Diaphram in position in a sagital view of the female pelvis.
Female reproductive organs medical illustration of Diaphram in position in a sagital view of the female pelvis.
Female reproductive organs

Diaphragm-brith control

Diaphram in position in a sagital view of the female pelvis. Female reproductive organs

Keywords: Color, Education, Patient Education, Publishing, Anatomy, Medical Devices, Obstetrics / Gynecology, Reproductive Biology, Oncology

© Kari C. Toverud
medical illustration of Color, Line with Color, Education, Publishing, Anatomy, Reconstructive Surgery medical illustration of Color, Line with Color, Education, Publishing, Anatomy, Reconstructive Surgery

sensory cells in the skin

Keywords: Color, Line with Color, Education, Publishing, Anatomy, Reconstructive Surgery

© Kari C. Toverud
medical illustration of nasopharynx, oropharynx and laryngopharynx.
The upper respiratory tract medical illustration of nasopharynx, oropharynx and laryngopharynx.
The upper respiratory tract

upper respiratory tract-regiaons of the Pharynx

nasopharynx, oropharynx and laryngopharynx. The upper respiratory tract

Keywords: Color, Education, Publishing, Stock, Anatomy, Respiratory, Oncology

© Kari C. Toverud
medical illustration of Color, Education, Patient Education, Publishing, Anatomy, Dermatology, Reconstructive Surgery, Oncology medical illustration of Color, Education, Patient Education, Publishing, Anatomy, Dermatology, Reconstructive Surgery, Oncology

Keywords: Color, Education, Patient Education, Publishing, Anatomy, Dermatology, Reconstructive Surgery, Oncology

© Kari C. Toverud
medical illustration of Color, Line with Color, Photography, Education, Patient Education, Cardiac Surgery / Cardiology, Medical Devices, Oncology, Mechanism of Action (MOA) medical illustration of Color, Line with Color, Photography, Education, Patient Education, Cardiac Surgery / Cardiology, Medical Devices, Oncology, Mechanism of Action (MOA)

Ecocardiogram of the heart

Keywords: Color, Line with Color, Photography, Education, Patient Education, Cardiac Surgery / Cardiology, Medical Devices, Oncology, Mechanism of Action (MOA)

© Kari C. Toverud
medical illustration of Continuous capillary, Fenestrated capillary, Discontinuous capillary medical illustration of Continuous capillary, Fenestrated capillary, Discontinuous capillary

Main types of capillaries

Continuous capillary, Fenestrated capillary, Discontinuous capillary

Keywords: Color, Education, Anatomy, Cardiac Surgery / Cardiology, Cell biology / Histology, Oncology

© Kari C. Toverud
medical illustration of Color, Patient Education, Publishing, Stock, Anatomy, Medical Devices, Orthopaedics, Oncology medical illustration of Color, Patient Education, Publishing, Stock, Anatomy, Medical Devices, Orthopaedics, Oncology

Keywords: Color, Patient Education, Publishing, Stock, Anatomy, Medical Devices, Orthopaedics, Oncology

© Kari C. Toverud
medical illustration of normal  joint on the left and a joint with rheumatoid arthritis medical illustration of normal  joint on the left and a joint with rheumatoid arthritis

normal joint & rheumatoid arthritis

normal joint on the left and a joint with rheumatoid arthritis

Keywords: Color, Education, Publishing, Stock, Anatomy, Orthopaedics, Oncology

© Kari C. Toverud
medical illustration of Sympathetic  and nerve inervation of the maile reproductive organs medical illustration of Sympathetic  and nerve inervation of the maile reproductive organs

nerve inervention of the male reproduction organs

Sympathetic and nerve inervation of the maile reproductive organs

Keywords: Color, Education, Patient Education, Publishing, Stock, Anatomy, Neurosurgery, Reproductive Biology, Oncology

© Kari C. Toverud
medical illustration of Breast reconstruction with a TRAM-flap after a mastectory medical illustration of Breast reconstruction with a TRAM-flap after a mastectory

TRAM-flap

Breast reconstruction with a TRAM-flap after a mastectory

Keywords: Color, Education, Publishing, Stock, Professional Education, Anatomy, General Surgery, Reconstructive Surgery, Oncology

© Kari C. Toverud
medical illustration of Color, Line with Color, Education, Publishing, Stock, Gastroenterology, Medical Devices, Oncology medical illustration of Color, Line with Color, Education, Publishing, Stock, Gastroenterology, Medical Devices, Oncology

correct taping of naso-gastric catheter

Keywords: Color, Line with Color, Education, Publishing, Stock, Gastroenterology, Medical Devices, Oncology

© Kari C. Toverud
medical illustration of Color, Line with Color, Education, Publishing, Stock, Medical Devices, Oncology medical illustration of Color, Line with Color, Education, Publishing, Stock, Medical Devices, Oncology

care for a peripheral venous catheter

Keywords: Color, Line with Color, Education, Publishing, Stock, Medical Devices, Oncology

© Kari C. Toverud
medical illustration of Color, Line with Color, Education, Patient Education, Publishing, Stock, Medical Devices, Respiratory, Oncology medical illustration of Color, Line with Color, Education, Patient Education, Publishing, Stock, Medical Devices, Respiratory, Oncology

tracheostomy care

Keywords: Color, Line with Color, Education, Patient Education, Publishing, Stock, Medical Devices, Respiratory, Oncology

© Kari C. Toverud
medical illustration of Color, Line with Color, Editorial, Publishing, Stock, Anatomy, Gastroenterology, General Surgery, Reconstructive Surgery, Oncology medical illustration of Color, Line with Color, Editorial, Publishing, Stock, Anatomy, Gastroenterology, General Surgery, Reconstructive Surgery, Oncology

Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery

Keywords: Color, Line with Color, Editorial, Publishing, Stock, Anatomy, Gastroenterology, General Surgery, Reconstructive Surgery, Oncology

© Kari C. Toverud
medical illustration of Color, Line with Color, Editorial, Patient Education, Publishing, Stock, Anatomy, Gastroenterology, General Surgery, Reconstructive Surgery medical illustration of Color, Line with Color, Editorial, Patient Education, Publishing, Stock, Anatomy, Gastroenterology, General Surgery, Reconstructive Surgery

sleeve gastrectomy

Keywords: Color, Line with Color, Editorial, Patient Education, Publishing, Stock, Anatomy, Gastroenterology, General Surgery, Reconstructive Surgery

© Kari C. Toverud
medical illustration of Line with Color, Education, Patient Education, Publishing, Disease Management, Gastroenterology, Medical Devices medical illustration of Line with Color, Education, Patient Education, Publishing, Disease Management, Gastroenterology, Medical Devices

Keywords: Line with Color, Education, Patient Education, Publishing, Disease Management, Gastroenterology, Medical Devices

© Kari C. Toverud
medical illustration of Color, Line with Color, Education, Patient Education, Publishing, Stock, Gastroenterology, General Surgery, Reconstructive Surgery, Oncology medical illustration of Color, Line with Color, Education, Patient Education, Publishing, Stock, Gastroenterology, General Surgery, Reconstructive Surgery, Oncology

Keywords: Color, Line with Color, Education, Patient Education, Publishing, Stock, Gastroenterology, General Surgery, Reconstructive Surgery, Oncology

© Kari C. Toverud
medical illustration of Color, Line with Color, Education, Patient Education, Anatomy, Gastroenterology, General Surgery, Oncology medical illustration of Color, Line with Color, Education, Patient Education, Anatomy, Gastroenterology, General Surgery, Oncology

Keywords: Color, Line with Color, Education, Patient Education, Anatomy, Gastroenterology, General Surgery, Oncology

© Kari C. Toverud
medical illustration of Color, Line with Color, Education, Medical Devices, Oncology medical illustration of Color, Line with Color, Education, Medical Devices, Oncology

Keywords: Color, Line with Color, Education, Medical Devices, Oncology

© Kari C. Toverud
medical illustration of Color, Line with Color, Education, Patient Education, Publishing, Stock, Anatomy, Endocrinology / Metabolic, Medical Devices, Oncology medical illustration of Color, Line with Color, Education, Patient Education, Publishing, Stock, Anatomy, Endocrinology / Metabolic, Medical Devices, Oncology

Keywords: Color, Line with Color, Education, Patient Education, Publishing, Stock, Anatomy, Endocrinology / Metabolic, Medical Devices, Oncology

© Kari C. Toverud

Kari C. Toverud

medical illustration of Color, Education, Cardiac Surgery / Cardiology, General Medicine, Medical Devices
medical illustration of Color, Education, Patient Education, Gastroenterology
medical illustration of Color, Advertising / Marketing, Editorial, Endocrinology / Metabolic, General Medicine, Molecular Biology, Health & Wellness, Pathology
medical illustration of A cell containing organelles present in most cell types
medical illustration of Color, Line with Color, Education, Publishing, Obstetrics / Gynecology, Reproductive Biology
medical illustration of normal anatomy and 3 stages of female circumcision
medical illustration of a) Christiansen´s hemi-prosthesis used from 1965-67. b) Christiansen´s hemi-prosthesis used from 1968-69. c) Christiansen´s hemi-prosthesis used during the 1970´s.d) Modern Charnley-Hastings hemi-prosthesis.
medical illustration of Color, Education, Publishing, Stock, Embryology, Maternal / Child, Obstetrics / Gynecology
medical illustration of Drug-delivery system of Cervira for HPV infection and cervical abnormalities.
Female reproductive organ.
medical illustration of Proprioceptors
medical illustration of hemorrhoids showing in the upper right a perianal hematoma grade 1 and  2 in the upper right corner, grade 3 in the lower left corner and grade 4 in the lower right corner
medical illustration of Cover illustration for the Norwegian Bioengineer magazine.
medical illustration of life cycle of a tick
medical illustration of Color, Line with Color, Editorial, Patient Education, Publishing, Anatomy, Cell biology / Histology, Disease Management, Endocrinology / Metabolic, Orthopaedics
medical illustration of Color, Line with Color, Live Action Video, Editorial, Patient Education, Publishing, Stock, Respiratory
medical illustration of Nurses are helping a patient change his shirt while bedridden
medical illustration of Color, Photography, Education, Patient Education, Publishing, Stock, Anatomy, Orthopaedics, Oncology
medical illustration of Life cycle of Strongyloides stercoralis infecting a human
medical illustration of nasal mucosa and blood brain barier of the brain
medical illustration of Clinical manifestations of a patient with APS-1
medical illustration of anterior and lateral view of the blood supply to the upper 2/3 of the spinal cord
medical illustration of Renal sympathetic denerveing with terapy-resistent hypertention
medical illustration of Treatment with Ibrutinib
medical illustration of Possible mechanisms for sun / vitamin D, Epstein-Barr virus and smoking by multiple sclerosis
medical illustration of Black & White, Line, Education, Patient Education, Publishing, Medical Devices, Oncology, Mechanism of Action (MOA)
medical illustration of Line with Color, Education, Patient Education, Publishing, Stock, Anatomy, General Surgery, Medical Devices, Reconstructive Surgery, Oncology
medical illustration of Diaphram in position in a sagital view of the female pelvis.
Female reproductive organs
medical illustration of Color, Line with Color, Education, Publishing, Anatomy, Reconstructive Surgery
medical illustration of nasopharynx, oropharynx and laryngopharynx.
The upper respiratory tract
medical illustration of Color, Education, Patient Education, Publishing, Anatomy, Dermatology, Reconstructive Surgery, Oncology
medical illustration of Color, Line with Color, Photography, Education, Patient Education, Cardiac Surgery / Cardiology, Medical Devices, Oncology, Mechanism of Action (MOA)
medical illustration of Continuous capillary, Fenestrated capillary, Discontinuous capillary
medical illustration of Color, Patient Education, Publishing, Stock, Anatomy, Medical Devices, Orthopaedics, Oncology
medical illustration of normal  joint on the left and a joint with rheumatoid arthritis
medical illustration of Sympathetic  and nerve inervation of the maile reproductive organs
medical illustration of Breast reconstruction with a TRAM-flap after a mastectory
medical illustration of Color, Line with Color, Education, Publishing, Stock, Gastroenterology, Medical Devices, Oncology
medical illustration of Color, Line with Color, Education, Publishing, Stock, Medical Devices, Oncology
medical illustration of Color, Line with Color, Education, Patient Education, Publishing, Stock, Medical Devices, Respiratory, Oncology
medical illustration of Color, Line with Color, Editorial, Publishing, Stock, Anatomy, Gastroenterology, General Surgery, Reconstructive Surgery, Oncology
medical illustration of Color, Line with Color, Editorial, Patient Education, Publishing, Stock, Anatomy, Gastroenterology, General Surgery, Reconstructive Surgery
medical illustration of Line with Color, Education, Patient Education, Publishing, Disease Management, Gastroenterology, Medical Devices
medical illustration of Color, Line with Color, Education, Patient Education, Publishing, Stock, Gastroenterology, General Surgery, Reconstructive Surgery, Oncology
medical illustration of Color, Line with Color, Education, Patient Education, Anatomy, Gastroenterology, General Surgery, Oncology
medical illustration of Color, Line with Color, Education, Medical Devices, Oncology
medical illustration of Color, Line with Color, Education, Patient Education, Publishing, Stock, Anatomy, Endocrinology / Metabolic, Medical Devices, Oncology

Biography

Kari C. Toverud is one of only 2 illustrators in Norway with a Master of Science (M.S.) degree in medical illustration and one of only three board-certified medical illustrators in all of Europe. She received her degree from the Georgia Regents University (formerly Medical College of Georgia) in 1983. She has been working as an award-winning medical illustrator for 34 years. She provides informative medical illustrations, animations, interactive learning sites and storyboard script-writing for a variety of clients including publishers, medical journals, physicians, advertising agencies and the pharmaceutical industry. She has provided illustrations for over 230 textbooks for medical, nursing, junior high and high school students as well. Many of these titles have been translated into Danish, Swedish and Finnish.

Style/Techniques

Airbrush, Black & White, Color, Line, Line with Color, Photography, Live Action Video

Subject/Specialties

Anatomy, Biology, Biotechnology, Cardiac Surgery / Cardiology, Cell biology / Histology, Dermatology, Disease Management, Embryology, Endocrinology / Metabolic, Gastroenterology, General Medicine, General Surgery, Maternal / Child, Medical Devices, Molecular Biology, Neuroscience, Neurosurgery, Obstetrics / Gynecology, Orthopaedics, Pharmacology, Reconstructive Surgery, Reproductive Biology, Respiratory, Urology, Vascular Surgery, Virology, Zoology, Oncology, Mechanism of Action (MOA), Health & Wellness, Pathology