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Activated Platelets in aHUS

Atypical Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (aHUS) manifests by chronic uncontrolled complement activation leading to the continuous activation of platelets and endothelial cells. The resulting thrombi cause thrombotic microangiopathy which may result in sudden fatal thrombotic complications or in the progressive failure of vital organs, including the kidney, heart, and brain. For Alexion Pharmaceuticals.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Cell biology / Histology, Disease Management, Pharmacology

© Cynthia Turner

Platelet Stimulating Agent

Disease caused by decreased platelet production can be augmented by platelet-stimulating agents that interact with the transmembrane domains of the thrombopoietin receptors, thereby complementing native thrombopoietin that binds with the extracellular domains.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Cell biology / Histology, Disease Management, Pharmacology, Mechanism of Action (MOA)

© Cynthia Turner

The Neurovascular Unit

The neurovascular unit for Remedy Pharmaceuticals investor relations. Remedy’s drug candidate reduces brain swelling and hemorrhage following traumatic injury. The brain microvessels, astrocytes, pericytes, neurons, microglia and the extracellular matrix form functional neurovascular units to maintain a precisely regulated microenvironment for reliable neuronal signaling.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Cell biology / Histology, Neuroscience, Pharmacology

© Cynthia Turner

Aqueous Humor Production Anatomy

The anatomical site of aqueous humour production in healthy ciliary processes epithelium and the aqueous humor drainage through healthy trabecular meshwork in the anterior chamber angle.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, Editorial, Anatomy, Ophthalmology

© Cynthia Turner

Bone Marrow

Bone marrow is the site of hematopoiesis – the formation of hematopoietic stem cells which give rise to the three classes of white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Allergy / Immunology, Cell biology / Histology

© Cynthia Turner

Diabetic Glomerulus

The diabetic glomerulus exhibits glomerular hypertrophy and mesangial matrix expansion due to the increase of intra- and extracellular proteins from advanced glycation end-products, increased basement membrane thickness, and podocyte apoptosis.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Editorial, Cell biology / Histology, Disease Management, Urology

© Cynthia Turner

Cyclooxygenases and NSAIDS

COX-2 selective NSAIDs were developed to maintain analgesia efficacy while minimizing the side effects associated with COX-1 inhibition. The cyclooxygenase enzyme is anchored to the endoplasmic reticulum membrane. Above it, released prostaglandin hormones soar into the cell. The COX-2 selective NSAID is blocked from the channel of access for COX-1, but gains entry at COX-2 site, and thereby inhibits the active site for pain prostaglandin creation.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Editorial, Cell biology / Histology, Disease Management, Molecular Biology, Pharmacology

© Cynthia Turner

Tivantinib™ Mode of Action in nsNSCLC

Tivantinib™ is designed to block the activity of c-MET, a molecule that plays multiple key roles in human cancer including cancer cell growth,survival, angiogenesis, invasion and metastasis in nsNSCLC (non squamous Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer).

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Biotechnology, Disease Management, Pharmacology, Oncology, Mechanism of Action (MOA)

© Cynthia Turner

RapidArc® Lung Cancer Treatment

Radiation Therapy (SBRT) has yielded promising results for patients who were mostly medically inoperable. The good results have led some institutions to treat medically operable patients with SBRT. Limited Edition Print for Varian Surgical Sciences, exhibit panel, print and event collateral.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Anatomy, Biotechnology, Disease Management, Medical Devices, Respiratory, Oncology

© Cynthia Turner

RapidArc® Treatment of Hepatic Cancer

Precisely aimed ionizing radiation beams coming from different directions meet at a specific point to deliver radiation treatment to the tumor location. Limited Edition Print for Varian Surgical Sciences, exhibit panel, print and event collateral.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Anatomy, Biotechnology, Disease Management, Medical Devices, Oncology

© Cynthia Turner

DNA Damage

DNA damage can occur naturally from metabolic or hydrolytic processes or be induced by outside influences, and results in an alteration of the chemical structure of DNA, such as a break in a strand of DNA, a base missing from the backbone of DNA, or a chemically changed base. For Varian Surgical Sciences.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Biotechnology, Disease Management, Medical Devices, Molecular Biology, Oncology

© Cynthia Turner

SBRT Treatment of Multiple Metastases in the Brain

RapidArc® delivers a precisely sculpted 3D dose distribution in a single 360-degree rotation of the linear accelerator gantry through an algorithm that simultaneously changes rotation speed, shape of the treatment aperture and delivery dose rate. Limited Edition Print for Varian Surgical Sciences, exhibit panel, print and event collateral.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Biotechnology, Disease Management, Neurosurgery, Oncology

© Cynthia Turner

Acoustic Neuroma

An acoustic neuroma on the nerve sheath of the vestibular portion of the 8th cranial nerve is an operatively challenging tumor ideally suited for stereotactic radiosurgery, a volumetric modulated arc technique that allows for highly conformal, intensity-modulated dose distributions to be delivered with a single 358° rotation of the gantry of the linear accelerator. For Varian Surgical Sciences.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Biotechnology, Disease Management, Medical Devices, Neuroscience, Oncology

© Cynthia Turner

Cerebral Meningioma

An intra-cranial meningioma arising from the cavernous sinus at the base of the brain is an operatively challenging tumor ideally suited for stereotactic radiosurgery, a volumetric modulated arc technique that allows for highly conformal, intensity-modulated dose distributions to be delivered with a single 360° rotation of the gantry of the linear accelerator. For Varian Surgical Sciences.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Biotechnology, Disease Management, Medical Devices, Neurosurgery, Oncology

© Cynthia Turner

Psoriatic Arthritis X-ray Illustrations

Renowned photographer Gerald Förster photographed models holding empty frames. Matching the silhouettes of the framed limbs, Cynthia created illustrations simulating x-rayed bones exhibiting psoriatic arthritis. Global Advertising Campaign for Enbrel™ Wyeth.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, Advertising / Marketing, Allergy / Immunology, Disease Management, Pharmacology

© Cynthia Turner

Psoriatic Arthritis X-ray Illustrations

Renowned photographer Gerald Förster photographed models holding empty frames. Matching the silhouettes of the framed limbs, Cynthia created illustrations simulating x-rayed bones exhibiting psoriatic arthritis. Global Advertising Campaign for Enbrel™ Wyeth.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Allergy / Immunology, Disease Management, Pharmacology

© Cynthia Turner

The Invanz™ Spectrum

The sixteen pathogens indicated for the broad spectrum antibiotic INVANZ™ for a global launch campaign by Merck Pharmaceuticals: Escherichia coli, Clostridium clostridioforme, Eubacterium lentum, Peptostreptococcus species, Bacteroides fragilis, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Streptococcus agalactiae, Porphyromonas asaccharolytica, Prevotella bivia and Biophilia wadsworthia.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Disease Management, Pharmacology

© Cynthia Turner

The Invanz™ Spectrum

The sixteen pathogens indicated for the broad spectrum antibiotic INVANZ™ for a global launch campaign by Merck Pharmaceuticals: Escherichia coli, Clostridium clostridioforme, Eubacterium lentum, Peptostreptococcus species, Bacteroides fragilis, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Streptococcus agalactiae, Porphyromonas asaccharolytica, Prevotella bivia and Biophilia wadsworthia.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Disease Management, Pharmacology

© Cynthia Turner

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease for Nexium™

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease is often mistaken for occasional heartburn but is a serious digestive disorder. The lower esophageal sphincter opens more often that it should, and stomach acid travels up into the esophagus where it can erode the esophageal lining. A layer of mucus protects the duodenum from harsh stomach acid, but H. pylori bacteria damage the protective lining, leading to an ulcer.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Patient Education, Disease Management, Gastroenterology, Pharmacology

© Cynthia Turner

Brain Pulse

The brain is the seat of intelligence, interpreter of the senses, initiator of body movement, and controller of behavior and the source of all the qualities that define our humanity. For Alkermes Biopharmaceuticals.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Biotechnology, Neuroscience

© Cynthia Turner

Conformal Radiation Therapy for Lung Cancer

Peripheral tumor locations are treated with three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy using computer technology to more precisely target the tumor with radiation beams by using width, height, and depth measurements. Limited Edition Print for Varian Surgical Sciences, exhibit panel, print and event collateral.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Biotechnology, Disease Management, Medical Devices, Respiratory, Oncology

© Cynthia Turner

Stereotactic Radiotherapy for Lung Cancer

Precisely aimed ionizing radiation beams coming from different directions meet at a specific point to deliver radiation treatment to the tumor location. Limited Edition Print for Varian Surgical Sciences, exhibit panel, print and event collateral.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Biotechnology, Disease Management, Medical Devices, Respiratory, Oncology

© Cynthia Turner

Real-time Tumor Position and Motion Tracking

The Calypso Beacon® GPS system allows real-time tracking of tumor position and motion with sub-millimeter accuracy by utilizing miniaturized, non-ionizing implanted electromagnetic transponders called beacons. The beacons activate through harmless electromagnetic waves to communicate with the Calypso GPS system, assuring radiation is delivered precisely to the prescribed target by continuously and accurately tracking real-time tumor position and motion. For Varian Medical Systems.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Biotechnology, Disease Management, Medical Devices, Urology, Oncology

© Cynthia Turner

Healthy Eye

A collection of healthy eyes; hazel eyes for Allergan Optive™ dry eye lubricant eye drops and blue eye for Johnson & Johnson’s Vistacon Accuvue contact lenses.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Ophthalmology

© Cynthia Turner

Hydrus™ Microstent

The Hydrus™ Microstent is designed to treat the high intraocular pressure that occurs in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma because the eye’s fluid path becomes blocked. The scaffolded stent is designed to be inserted into Schlemm’s canal to gently dilate the channel and allow blocked fluid to flow more freely and alleviate high intraocular pressure.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Disease Management, Medical Devices, Ophthalmology

© Cynthia Turner

Trigeminal Neuralgia

Trigeminal neuralgia is a chronic neuropathic pain condition that affects the trigeminal or 5th cranial nerve that can cause extreme, sporadic, sudden burning or shock-like facial pain that lasts anywhere from a few seconds to as long as two minutes per episode. For Varian Surgical Sciences.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Biotechnology, Disease Management, Medical Devices, Neuroscience

© Cynthia Turner

RapidArc™ Prostate Cancer Treatment

RapidArc™ delivers a precisely sculpted 3D dose distribution in a single 360-degree rotation of the linear accelerator gantry through an algorithm that simultaneously changes rotation speed, shape of the treatment aperture and delivery dose rate. Limited Edition Print for Varian Surgical Sciences, exhibit panel, print and event collateral.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Biotechnology, Disease Management, Medical Devices, Urology, Oncology

© Cynthia Turner

Brachytherapy Prostate Cancer Treatment

Temporary radioactive seed loadings are introduced into the prostate gland by carefully placed needles enabling the dose cloud to conform the radiation dose to the size and shape of the tumor target. The technique takes advantage of the inverse square law (the intensity of radiation is reduced by the square of the distance from the source) since the sources are placed in the target area, limiting side effects and sparing surrounding anatomy. For Varian Surgical Sciences.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Biotechnology, Disease Management, Medical Devices, Urology, Oncology

© Cynthia Turner

Cervical Spine Cancer

RapidArc™ delivers a precisely sculpted 3D dose distribution in a single 360-degree rotation of the linear accelerator gantry through an algorithm that simultaneously changes rotation speed, shape of the treatment aperture and delivery dose rate. For Varian Surgical Sciences, exhibit panel, print and event collateral.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Biotechnology, Disease Management, Medical Devices, Neuroscience, Oncology

© Cynthia Turner

IMRT Breast Cancer Treatment

IMRT (Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy) uses 3-D scans of the target area and surrounding tissue to guide the radiation beams to the tumor or the seroma (post-surgical site) from many different angles. For breast cancer, radiation beams are projected at tangent angles in order to skim the chest wall, allowing for a maximum dose of radiation to be delivered to the target while minimizing exposure to the heart and lungs. For Varian Surgical Sciences.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Biotechnology, Disease Management, Medical Devices, Oncology

© Cynthia Turner

Asthma

Mast cells degranulate and release histamine and cytokines when triggered by inhaled irritants, exercise, cold air, smoke or dust, provoking the inflammatory response of hyper-responsive airways to constrict, inflame and fill with excessive mucus.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Editorial, Allergy / Immunology, Disease Management, Respiratory

© Cynthia Turner

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS)

The exudative stage of ARDS is an immune response designed to reduce lung injury in the case of severe systemic inflammation but is so extreme that it damages the endothelium and epithelium, resulting in edema and pulmonary injury.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Editorial, Disease Management, Emergency Medicine, Respiratory

© Cynthia Turner

Celiac Disease

When a person with celiac disease ingest gluten the immune system reacts by damaging the villi in the lining of the intestine resulting in villous atrophy, crypt hyperplasia and increased intraepithelial lymphocytes.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Editorial, Disease Management, Gastroenterology

© Cynthia Turner

Medical Marijuana

Strong evidence supports the use of cannabinoid receptor agonists for treating disease states such as: chronic and neuropathic pain associated with multiple sclerosis; spinal cord injury, cancer, and other painful states; tremors, spasms, and spasticity associated with spinal cord injury; nausea and vomiting induced by cancer chemotherapy; and loss of appetite in AIDS or cancer.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Editorial, Alternative Medicine, Disease Management

© Cynthia Turner

Benign Hypertrophic Hyperplasia Laser Ablation

Laser ablation of benign hypertrophic prostate tissue restores patency to urethral lumen.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Disease Management, Medical Devices, Urology, Oncology

© Cynthia Turner

Human Circulatory System

The human cardiovascular system is the network of arteries that transport oxygenated blood from the heart to deliver oxygen and nutrients to the body's cells and return the deoxygenated blood back to the heart via the network of veins. Chapter Opener for The Ultimate Bodypedia: An Amazing Inside-Out Tour of the Human Body, National Geographic Society.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Editorial, Publishing, Anatomy, Cardiac Surgery / Cardiology

© Cynthia Turner

The Human Heart

Aristotle believed the rational soul resided in the heart, rather than the brain. Cover for AstraZeneca Annual Report.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Cardiac Surgery / Cardiology

© Cynthia Turner

Bioventrix™ - The Plicated Heart

BioVentrix™ surgical device implants anchors in the heart wall and subsequently plicates myocardium to exclude scarred, non-contractile left ventricle myocardium.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Cardiac Surgery / Cardiology, Disease Management, Medical Devices

© Cynthia Turner

Anatomical Liver

Showcasing the liver in its anatomical position in the female body.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Anatomy, Gastroenterology

© Cynthia Turner

Gluteal Anatomy

Showcasing gluteal anatomy including the gluteus maximus, gluteus medius, and gluteus minimus muscles, the sacrum, ilium and femur bones and the sciatic nerve. Bookcover, The Art of Gluteal Sculpting, Constantino G. Mendieta MD, FACS.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Editorial, Publishing, Anatomy, Plastic Surgery

© Cynthia Turner

Accidental Poisoning

Accidental poisoning mostly occurs in children under the age of three, especially boys.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, Editorial, Emergency Medicine

© Cynthia Turner

Female Breast Lymphatic Drainage

The lymphatic drainage of breast originates from the breast lobules and flows into a sub-areolar plexus called Sappey’s plexus and then takes place through three main routes: axillary or lateral pathway, internal mammary pathway and the retromammary pathway. For GlaxoSmithKline.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, Advertising / Marketing, Anatomy

© Cynthia Turner

Posterior Leg Muscles

Showcasing the posterior leg muscles, including the Gluteals, Biceps femoris, Vastus lateralis, Semimembranosus, Semitendinosus and Adductor magnus.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Editorial, Publishing, Anatomy, Plastic Surgery

© Cynthia Turner

Pectoralis Major Muscle

Showcasing the pectoralis major muscle and its insertions: the clavicular head that flexes the arm at the shoulder and the sternocostal head that extends the arm at the shoulder from a flexed position.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Editorial, Publishing, Anatomy, Plastic Surgery

© Cynthia Turner

Stalled-healing

Stalled-healing venous leg ulcer and stalled-healing diabetic foot ulcer. For Apligraf, Health4Brands.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, Advertising / Marketing, Biotechnology, Pharmacology, Vascular Surgery

© Cynthia Turner

Response to Etanercept Treatment – Baseline

Baseline before response to etanercept treatment by severe plaque psoriasis patients with suboptimal response to topical treatments. For Enbrel™ Dermatology Patient Galleries, Amgen / Wyeth Pharmaceuticals.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, Advertising / Marketing, Allergy / Immunology, Disease Management, Pharmacology

© Cynthia Turner

Response to Etanercept Treatment - 12 Weeks

12 week response to etanercept treatment by severe plaque psoriasis patients with suboptimal response to topical treatments. For Enbrel™ Dermatology Patient Galleries, Amgen / Wyeth Pharmaceuticals.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, Advertising / Marketing, Allergy / Immunology, Disease Management, Pharmacology

© Cynthia Turner

Response to Etanercept Treatment - 24 Weeks

24 week response to etanercept treatment by severe plaque psoriasis patients with suboptimal response to topical treatments. For Enbrel™ Dermatology Patient Galleries, Amgen / Wyeth Pharmaceuticals.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, Advertising / Marketing, Allergy / Immunology, Disease Management, Pharmacology

© Cynthia Turner

Reproductive Health

Uterus, ovaries, ovulating ovary, and ovum traveling through the fallopian tube accompanied by its nourishing follicular cells.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, Editorial, Reproductive Biology

© Cynthia Turner

Immune Response

A macrophage encounters the pathogen Klebsiella pneumonia bacteria, and ingests, processes and displays antigens on its surface. A T-Helper cell recognizes the antigen, causing it to release chemical messages called cytokines to recruit cytotoxic T-cells and B-cells, initiating the immune response. Chapter Opener for The Ultimate Bodypedia: An Amazing Inside-Out Tour of the Human Body, National Geographic Society.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Editorial, Publishing, Allergy / Immunology, Cell biology / Histology

© Cynthia Turner

Thrombopoeitin Receptor Agonist

Thrombopoietin (TPO) is a protein produced primarily in the liver that controls how many platelets are made. In people with chronic Idiopathic Thrombocytopenia (ITP) there usually isn't enough TPO (orange) reaching the bone marrow when platelet levels get low. TPO Receptor Agonist (green) works by stimulating megakaryocytes and their precursors in the bone marrow, leading to proliferation and differentiation of these cells.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Disease Management, Pharmacology, Mechanism of Action (MOA)

© Edmond Alexander

Bispecific Monoclonal Antibody

A bispecific monoclonal antibody is engineered to simultaneously bind to a cytotoxic cell and a targeted tumor cell.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Allergy / Immunology, Biotechnology, Cell biology / Histology, Pharmacology

© Edmond Alexander

Activating Membrane Proteins

Unique cell proteins are distributed across the cell surface to accept communication signals from extracellular signaling ligands like hormones, neurotransmitters, cell recognition molecules and growth factors.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Cell biology / Histology, Disease Management, Pharmacology, Mechanism of Action (MOA)

© Edmond Alexander

Plasma Cell Membrane with CD38 Receptors

Protein-ligand binding activates the lipid membrane surface protein to trigger intracellular signaling pathways. CD38 is a surface protein for cell activation found on immune cells, and its deficiency is linked to impaired immune responses and metabolic disturbances.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Allergy / Immunology, Cell biology / Histology, Pharmacology

© Edmond Alexander

Tumor Cell Membrane Destruction

Receptor Tyrosine Kinase (RTKs) are high-affinity cell surface receptors for cell maintenance but also initiate the development of many cancers. RTK occurs when a ligand attaches to the HER 2 receptor and then connects to the HER 3 receptor, signaling intracellular proteins to initiate cell division. Here, the ligand attaches to the HER 3 receptor but the anti-tumor drug (sphere at base of the receptor) prevents the joining of HER 3 and HER 2, resulting in membrane destruction and cell death.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Cell biology / Histology, Disease Management, Pharmacology, Oncology, Mechanism of Action (MOA)

© Edmond Alexander

Your Move

The immune system is the human body’s amazing self defense system which fights off foreign invaders that threaten the health of the human body. Cancer is a formidable invader and an aggressive challenger. It can capture the human circulatory system to feed its survival and to transport its invasion to other areas of the body. It never plays by the rules. Your move.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Allergy / Immunology, Cell biology / Histology, Oncology

© Edmond Alexander

Cyberoid Brain

Concept art for proposed gaming project depicting cyberoid brain.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Games, Anatomy, Neuroscience

© Edmond Alexander

Alimta

Anticancer drug passes through the folate carrier of the tumor cells and prevents actions that promote cell division and angiogenesis.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Disease Management, Molecular Biology, Pharmacology, Mechanism of Action (MOA)

© Edmond Alexander

Cell Mural

Wall mural and branding image for a rheumatologist’s private practice who wished to convey that rheumatology is not only about joints and the skeleton but also a specialty that deals with autoimmune diseases, systemic inflammatory conditions and the immune system for a holistic diagnostic approach to restore health.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Allergy / Immunology, Disease Management

© Edmond Alexander

VEGF and MET Receptors

Antitumor drugs target the intracellular component of the signaling protein receptors VEGF and MET to block tumor angiogenesis and metastasis.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Disease Management, Molecular Biology, Pharmacology, Oncology

© Edmond Alexander

Myelin Sheaths of Neurons

Myelin is the electrically-insulating phospholipid sheath that surrounds the axons of many neurons and enables impulses to hop or “propagate by saltation.”

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Neuroscience

© Edmond Alexander

Myelin Sheaths and Nerve Impulses

Myelination helps prevent the electrical current from leaving the axon and provides a potential pathway for regeneration of severed fibers.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Neuroscience

© Edmond Alexander

Blood Platelet Activation

Platelets are small, irregularly-shaped anuclear cells circulating in the blood to maintain hemostasis by forming blood clots when damage to the endothelium of blood vessels occurs.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Cell biology / Histology

© Edmond Alexander

Blood Clot

Blood loss stimulates fibrinogen to convert fibrin strands which then trap platelets and blood cells, forming a mesh that creates a hemostatic plug over the wound site.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Cell biology / Histology

© Edmond Alexander

Gene Therapy for Neurons

Exogenous migratory therapy techniques use stem cells to repair damaged neurons after traumatic injury or degenerative disease.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Disease Management, Neuroscience

© Edmond Alexander

MS Blood Brain Barrier

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating disease that damages the insulating membranes of nerve cells and disrupts the ability of parts of the nervous system to communicate.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Disease Management, Neuroscience

© Edmond Alexander

The Human Cell

The human cell contains numerous organelles that govern cell function, survival and reproduction.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Cell biology / Histology

© Edmond Alexander

Future Science Concept Art

Concept art for proposed interactive game depicting how man will be miniaturized and be placed into a bio-engineered “ribosome-like” vessel capable of exploring the inside of human cells. Interactive gamers explore the intracellular environment to detect the future DNA health of individual cell groups as well as diagnose and treat disease.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Games, Cell biology / Histology, Disease Management

© Edmond Alexander

Control Panel Concept Art

Concept art for proposed interactive game depicting how man will be miniaturized and be placed into a bio-engineered “ribosome-like” vessel capable of exploring the inside of human cells. Interactive gamers explore the intracellular environment to detect the future DNA health of individual cell groups as well as diagnose and treat disease.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Games, Cell biology / Histology, Disease Management

© Edmond Alexander

Future Health Predictions

Concept art for an interactive gaming where players explore the human body at the cellular level. The spherized DNA molecule allows players to monitor the health of the cells being investigated.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Games, Cell biology / Histology, Disease Management

© Edmond Alexander

Botulinum Toxin

Surface and ribbon representations of the Botulinum toxin protein produced by produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Cell biology / Histology, Disease Management

© Edmond Alexander

T Cell and Macrophages

Macrophages present antigens of destroyed pathogens on their surfaces for T cells to retrieve and thereby initiate the immune response.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Allergy / Immunology, Cell biology / Histology

© Edmond Alexander

Cancer Cells

Cancer cells are abnormal cells that divide uncontrollably and destroy body tissue.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Cell biology / Histology, Disease Management, Oncology

© Edmond Alexander

Cell Division

Before successful cell division can occur the genomic information stored in chromosomes must be replicated, and the duplicated genome separated cleanly between cells.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Cell biology / Histology

© Edmond Alexander

Bacterial Replication

Unicellular organisms like bacteria grow to a fixed size and then reproduce through binary fission - a form of asexual reproduction.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Cell biology / Histology, Disease Management

© Edmond Alexander

White Blood Cells

White blood cells are diverse immune system cells that defend the body against both infectious disease and foreign materials.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Allergy / Immunology, Cell biology / Histology

© Edmond Alexander

Cytokine Activation of T Cells

Cytokines are signaling proteins and glycoproteins that are used extensively in cellular communication for both innate and adaptive immune responses.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Allergy / Immunology, Cell biology / Histology

© Edmond Alexander

Stem Cell Therapy

Exogenous migratory therapy techniques use stem cells to repair damaged neurons after traumatic injury or degenerative disease. For Stanford Department of Neurosurgery, Stanford University School of Medicine.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Disease Management, Neuroscience

© Edmond Alexander

Blocking Pathogen Reproduction

Because a virus is unable to reproduce outside a host cell, blocking the cell’s replication pathway will also block replication of the virus.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Disease Management, Pharmacology, Virology

© Edmond Alexander

Dry Eye and Tear Layers Damage

Dry eye damages the three tear film layers (mucin, aqueous and lipid) of the normal ocular surface and causes hypertonic stress to the corneal epithelial cells.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Cell biology / Histology, Disease Management, Ophthalmology, Pharmacology

© Edmond Alexander

Factor IX

Factor IX, or Christmas factor, is one of the serine proteases of the coagulation system. Deficiency of this protein causes Hemophilia B.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Disease Management, Molecular Biology, Pharmacology

© Edmond Alexander

Cyberoid Circulatory System

Concept art for proposed gaming project depicting cyberoid circulatory system.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Games, Anatomy

© Edmond Alexander

LCA - Left Coronary Artery

The left coronary artery arises from the aorta above the left cusp of the aortic valve and feeds the left side of the heart.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Editorial, Cardiac Surgery / Cardiology

© Edmond Alexander

Liver and Kidneys

Visualization of the anatomical relationship of the liver and kidneys to highlight a detoxification program.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Patient Education, Anatomy

© Edmond Alexander

Chaos to Order

DNA microarray technology analyzes reproducible and aligned array patterns to bring order to large amounts of gene data.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Biotechnology, Disease Management, Pharmacology

© Edmond Alexander

Granulating Mast Cell

When activated, mast cells rapidly release histamine, heparin, and various hormonal mediators by degranulation to regulate allergy, anaphylaxis and wound healing.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, Editorial, Allergy / Immunology, Respiratory

© Edmond Alexander

Immune Response Transfer

When macrophages destroy pathogens they place antigens on their surfaces to stimulate the immune system. T Cells then pick up the antigens and orchestrate the immune response.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Allergy / Immunology, Disease Management, Pharmacology, Mechanism of Action (MOA)

© Edmond Alexander

Swine Flu Virus

Transmission of the swine flu virus from pigs to humans is not common and does not always lead to human influenza, often resulting only in the production of antibodies in the blood.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Disease Management, Virology

© Edmond Alexander

Monoclonal Antibody Attack

Monoclonal antibodies are “magic bullets” bioengineered to target specific cancer cells with a toxin delivered by its agent of selectivity.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Allergy / Immunology, Biotechnology, Disease Management, Pharmacology

© Edmond Alexander

Monoclonal Antibody Touchdown

Because monoclonal antibodies are monospecific antibodies that are made of identical immune cells that are all clones of a unique parent cell, monoclonal antibodies have monovalent affinity and bind to the same epitope.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Allergy / Immunology, Biotechnology, Disease Management, Pharmacology, Mechanism of Action (MOA)

© Edmond Alexander

Monoclonal Antibody Encapsulation by Cell Membrane

When a monoclonal antibody attaches to the surface of a targeted cell it is encapsulated and brought into the cell where it then initiates cell destruction.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Allergy / Immunology, Biotechnology, Cell biology / Histology, Disease Management, Pharmacology

© Edmond Alexander

Antitumor Pathways (CNTO 328)

Mapping of interventional pathways into the cell for antitumor therapy.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Cell biology / Histology, Disease Management, Pharmacology, Oncology

© Edmond Alexander

Intracellular Pathways

Numerous intracellular pathways of tumor cells are being explored as delivery routes for new drug therapies designed to interrupt tumor cell replication by preventing angiogenesis and cell division.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Cell biology / Histology, Pharmacology, Oncology, Mechanism of Action (MOA)

© Edmond Alexander

Severe ADAMTS13 Deficiency

ADAMTS13 is an enzyme produced by the vascular endothelium that cleaves von Willebrand Factor, a protein that mediates platelet adhesion and aggregation at sites of vascular injury. Deficient levels of ADAMTS13 allows platelets to bind to uncleaved von Willebrand Factor multimers and leads to thrombotic microangiopathy.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Cell biology / Histology, Disease Management, Pharmacology

© Edmond Alexander

Microbe Destruction

Destruction of virulent microbe strains is hampered by the microbe’s protective outer membrane. Stronger antimicrobial drugs are able to penetrate and destroy the outer membrane and expose the more vulnerable inner membrane.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Cell biology / Histology, Disease Management, Pharmacology

© Edmond Alexander

Moxifloxacin

Concept art depicting quinolone antibiotic attack on difficult-to-destroy pathogens.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Disease Management, Pharmacology

© Edmond Alexander

Inner Membrane Cell Destruction

After an antibiotic penetrates the tough exterior shell of a microbial cyst, the antibiotic “smart bomb” targets the inner membrane. For Alcon.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Disease Management, Ophthalmology, Pharmacology

© Edmond Alexander

Nelarabine MOA

Nelarabine MOA for treatment of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia and T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma. For GlaxoSmithKline.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Cell biology / Histology, Disease Management, Pharmacology

© Edmond Alexander

Neuropathic Pain

Normal, hyperactive, suppressed and recovering nerves. For Giant Creative.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Neuroscience, Pharmacology

© Edmond Alexander

Hepatocyte Stress

Pulmonary hypertension drug therapy regimes can have negative affects on hepatocytes in the liver due to the build-up of bile salts. For Volibris® for GlaxoSmithKline.

Keywords: Airbrush, Color, 3D, Advertising / Marketing, Disease Management, Pharmacology, Respiratory

© Edmond Alexander

Alexander & Turner Inc. Studio

Represented by

Shannon Associates
333 West 57th Street, Suite 809
New York, NY 10019
United States

Biography

Edmond Alexander and Cynthia Turner create original images for the pharmaceutical, biomedical technology and healthcare industries and specialize in synthesizing complex information into accurate visual science with clarity and visual impact. They are represented by Gail Thurm of Shannon Associates LLC in New York. More about Cynthia at http://www.medillsb.com/ArtistContact.aspx?AID=410 More about Edmond at http://www.medillsb.com/ArtistContact.aspx?AID=409

Style/Techniques

Airbrush, Color, 3D

Subject/Specialties

Allergy / Immunology, Alternative Medicine, Anatomy, Biotechnology, Cardiac Surgery / Cardiology, Cell biology / Histology, Disease Management, Emergency Medicine, Gastroenterology, Medical Devices, Molecular Biology, Neuroscience, Neurosurgery, Ophthalmology, Pharmacology, Reproductive Biology, Respiratory, Urology, Vascular Surgery, Virology, Oncology, Mechanism of Action (MOA), Plastic Surgery