Laparoscopic approach for instrumentation and internal fixation and fusion of the L4-L5 and L5-S1 spinal levels, using interbody threaded fusion devices.
Search terms: transperitoneal endoscopy, BAK device, endoscopy,
laparoscopy, lumbar spinal instability, minimally invasive surgery, spinal fusion, interbody fusion cages.
Keywords: Black & White, Line, Editorial, Medical Malpractice, Professional Education, Research, Neuroscience, Neurosurgery, Orthopaedics
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