This illustration depicts multimodal analgesia techniques and how they target pain pathophysiology. The afferent and efferent neural pathways associated with pain impulses in both perception and suppression are illustrated. To reduce opiate use in postoperative pain management, alternative options are color-coded to the pathways they affect.
Keywords: Black & White, Color, Line, Line with Color, Education, Publishing, Research, Anatomy, Neuroscience, Pharmacology
© Diana Kryski