Curvature of the spine from side to side. On an X-ray, viewed from the rear, the spine of an individual with scoliosis can resemble an "S" or a "?" Scoliosis is typically classified as either congenital (caused by vertebral anomalies present at birth), idiopathic (cause unknown, sub-classified as infantile, juvenile, adolescent, or adult, according to when onset occurred), or secondary to a primary condition.
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© Mary K. Bryson