Deep vein thrombosis results when a blood clot forms while sitting for long periods. Risk increases when crossing legs. The clot (thrombus) of red blood cells causes leg pain and swelling. The clot could break loose and travel through the bloodstream and get lodged in the lungs, becoming a pulmonary embolism. Signs include dizziness, fainting, shortness of breath and other respiratory problems. Postphlebetic or postthrombotic syndrome can result from damage to the veins.
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