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John Karapelou / Biomedical Art

medical illustration of Diagnosis and management of acute hand infections. Featured here are paronychia, felon, herpetic whitlow, pyogenic flexor tenosynovitis and a clenched fist injury.
medical illustration of Amblyopia (
medical illustration of Patient with acute neck pain. Featured is the  Spurling test medical maneuver used to assess nerve root (radicular) pain. Compression of the nerve root below C4 on the left side, possibly leading to radiculopathy.
medical illustration of Functional dyspepsia symptoms includes epigastric pain. Stomach endoscopy, H. pylori infection, acid suppression therapy, use of prokinetics and high FODMAP foods to avoid are depicted.
medical illustration of Evaluation of knee pain via diagnostic tests including Ballottement test, Thessaly test and Pivot Shift test
medical illustration of The roles of catabolic factors in the development of osteoarthritis
medical illustration of Unique design feature of proprietary contact lens allows for it to remain anchored in retro-palpebral tear space of the upper eyelid.
medical illustration of Proprietary contact lens design allows for movement of eye to adjust gaze from near to far while maintaining perfect focus.
medical illustration of Pupillary light reflex nerve stimulus constriction pathway
medical illustration of Neuro-stimulation and characteristics of A-beta sensory nerve fiber type
medical illustration of Ischemic stroke shown in left side of the brain caused by an occluded middle cerebral artery: a thrombus formed at an atherosclerotic lesion narrowing of the artery.
medical illustration of Insulin molecules shown binding to sites on an insulin receptor in a cell membrane.
medical illustration of Synthesis and expression of ligands specific to CB1 cannabinoid receptors on a presynaptic neuron at a synapse in the brain that regulate calcium ion flow, resulting in a reduction of glutamate neurotransmitter released.
medical illustration of CB2 is a cell receptor and part of the endocannabinoid system (ECS), and plays a critical role in immune system control, depicted here effecting an arteriole. Arterioles and their actively changing cellular functions during inflammation are associated with many inflammatory disorders.
medical illustration of A basic overview of where kidney stones form within the renal urine collection system and how they flow into the ureters.
medical illustration of Comparison of the amount of scar tissue formed after an incision with and without use of specialized skin closure product that keeps wound edges approximated.
medical illustration of Concept showing microscopic section of skin of scalp featuring a post-surgical hair plug transplant site treated with an autologous platelet rich plasma product, resulting in less bleeding and inflammation to promote natural healing.
medical illustration of Concept showing microscopic section of skin of scalp featuring an untreated post-surgical hair plug transplant site that has bleeding and inflammation.
medical illustration of Conceptual depiction of multiple pharmacology components in product absorbed through epidermis.
medical illustration of Schematic depiction comparing the absorptive depth characteristics of CeraVe skin lotion on the stratum corneum layer of the skin's epidermis.
medical illustration of Schematic depiction of the various layers within the eye's tear film that coats the corneal epithelial cells surface: mucus, aqueous and lipid layers.
medical illustration of A chart of various contraceptive products and procedures available for women to use as birth control methods.
medical illustration of Designed anatomical components for dimensional model to demonstrate proper placement of NuvaRing contraceptive product inside vagina.  Model can be separated into two halves for anatomical display.
medical illustration of Anatomy of female reproductive system featuring a pap test procedure depicting a speculum in place and cell sample harvesting of the uterine cervix with a spatula and a brush, suspending cells in solution for analysis in a medical lab.
medical illustration of Midsagittal view of muscular and fibrous components comprising the basic female pelvic floor structures.
medical illustration of Poster concept depicting gross anatomy and histology of the human digestive system with a  focus on the lower digestive system and liver. Featured are the esophagus, stomach, small intestine with histological views of the duodenum, jejunum, ileum, colon, rectum, liver, gall bladder and pancreas. Also shown is the vascular supply and drainage of the liver along with the biliary system.
medical illustration of Newborn infant with pyloric stenosis. In pyloric stenosis, the muscles in this part of the stomach enlarge, narrowing the opening of the pylorus and eventually preventing food from moving from the stomach to the intestine.
medical illustration of Cutaway view of anatomy of the mouth featuring salivary glands, oral and lingual musculature, teeth and support structures.
medical illustration of Anatomy of breast cancer with some imaging and treatment options.  Shown are a MUGA scan,  echocardiography (as part of the treatment plan) and chemotherapy.
medical illustration of Overview of a bronchoscopy exam procedure depicting its terminal position in a distal bronchiole and a view through the scope.
medical illustration of Percutaneous needle biopsy of the kidney using spring-action biopsy instrument.
medical illustration of Surgical procedure for draining an abscess of the lateral submandibular neck region
medical illustration of Intervertebral ligaments of the spine, shown at the lumbar level. Featured are the anterior and posterior longitudinal, interspinous, supraspinous, and intertransverse ligaments, as well as the facet capsular ligament.
medical illustration of Intraforminal, Posterolateral, and Midline herniations of a cervical intervertebral disk.
medical illustration of Anatomical relationships relevant to procedure, particularly the carotid artery, which is important to avoid during needle insertion at the superior pole of the tonsil.
medical illustration of Anatomy of two basic types of meniscal cartilage tears in the knee, including radial and bucket-handle tears.
medical illustration of Conceptual view depicting progression of a dissection injury caused by an aneurysm in the ascending aorta; from an actual case story written by a patient who was also an author.
medical illustration of Balloon angioplasty procedure in atherosclerotic artery with thrombus: positioning and inflation.
medical illustration of Fully inflated balloon catheter deploying vascular stent device
medical illustration of Embolism in pulmonary artery resulting from embolus calved from deep vein thrombosis in femoral vein. Medical management includes a course of anticoagulant medication for a period of at least 3 months.
medical illustration of Diagnosis and medical management of asymptomatic hypertension.
medical illustration of Schematic depiction of replication of the hepatitis c virus, after gaining entry into a liver cell (hepatocyte), and it's release via exocytosis.
medical illustration of Bordatella pertussis bacteria and H1N1 influenza virus as two potential infectious agents in upper respiratory infections, shown in body fluids.
medical illustration of Depiction of rotavirus particles settled on a liquid-covered surface within the body.
medical illustration of B-cell targeting therapy for SLE (Systemic Lupus Erythematous) via blocking BLyS B-lymphocyte stimulator, causing them to undergo apoptosis (cell death) rather than proliferation leading to increased activity of antibody-producing plasma B cells.
medical illustration of Causative pathogens and diagnosis of cystitis in female patient, featuring urinalysis test strip.
medical illustration of Diagnosis and management of BPH: urinalysis, PSA blood test, and digital rectal exam of prostate as diagnostic indicators; personal health diary and medication (to relax the muscle of the prostate and bladder neck, which allows urine to flow more easily) for medical management.
medical illustration of Various causes of heel pain (center, then clockwise from upper right): plantar fasciitis, plantar warts, calcaneal bone spur, posterior tibial nerve entrapment, heel pad syndrome and, calcaneal stress fracture.
medical illustration of Chaturanga Dandasana yoga pose featuring a visible skeleton and muscles directly involved in sustaining the upper body portion of the pose
medical illustration of Superficial and deep muscles of the back shown in a horseback rider.


John Karapelou is a Board-Certified Medical Illustrator (CMI) providing high quality custom medical visual media production and consultation services for biotech startups (including investor outreach), pharmaceutical and medical product advertising & marketing, media production, medical & consumer publishing, and medical malpractice and personal injury litigation. He has been recognized throughout his career for achievements in medical art with awards from clients and peers, such as Art Direction Magazine, the Rx Club, the Society of Illustrators, The Art Directors Club of New Jersey, The Art Directors Club of Philadelphia, and the Association of Medical Illustrators. Formerly Chief Medical Illustrator at Columbia University College of Physicians & Surgeons in New York, NY then later served appointments as Clinical Adjunct Instructor for the Program in Medical Illustration at The Ohio State University and Assistant Professor of Biomedical Art at the Cleveland Institute of Art.


Airbrush, Black & White, Color, 3D, Models


Allergy / Immunology, Anatomy, Biology, Biotechnology, Cardiac Surgery / Cardiology, Cell biology / Histology, Dermatology, Disease Management, Emergency Medicine, Endocrinology / Metabolic, Gastroenterology, General Medicine, General Surgery, Medical Devices, Molecular Biology, Neuroscience, Neurosurgery, Obstetrics / Gynecology, Ophthalmology, Orthopaedics, Pediatrics, Pharmacology, Physical Therapy, Reconstructive Surgery, Reproductive Biology, Respiratory, Transplantation Surgery, Urology, Vascular Surgery, Virology, Injuries, Oncology, Mechanism of Action (MOA), Pathology, Plastic Surgery, Sports Medicine